Soleto is a small Griko-speaking city located in the province of Lecce in Apulia, Italy. The town has a total population of 5,537 and is one of the nine towns of Grecìa Salentina. In the 5th century, Soleto was probably elevated to bishopric seat, of Greek rite. In the 13th century the Angevine rules of Naples chose the city a capital of a county, ruled by the di Castro, Del Balzo, Orsini, Campofregoso, Castriota and Sanseverino, Carafa and Gallarati-Scotti families, until feudalism was abrogated in 1806. Soleto took part to the Neapolitan Republic of 1799 and was a center of Carboneria during the Italian Risorgimento. It was ruled in the Middle Ages by Count Gjon Kastrioti II (the Roman numeral is related to the Kastrioti dynasty, not the county), son of the Albanian national hero Skanderbeg. The Soleto Map was discovered in Soleto by Belgian archaeologist Thierry van Compernolle of Montpellier University on August 21, 2003.
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