Castrignano del Capo is an Italian town of 5,391 inhabitants in the province of Lecce. Located in the extreme edge of the Salento peninsula, 65.4 km from the provincial capital, it is the largest municipality of south of Apulia. The municipality has an area of ??20.27 km ², for a population density of 265.96 inhabitants per square kilometer. Since October 2006, part of its territory falls within the Parco Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca and Bosco di Tricase in order to safeguard the east coast of Salento, rich in precious architectural monuments and important plant and animal species. The territory covered with Mediterranean vegetation, pine forests and olive groves, is bordered to the west by the municipality of Patù, to the north by the municipality of Leuca and Alessano, on the east by the town of Gagliano del Capo, to the south-west with the Ionian sea and to the south-east by the Adriatic Sea.